Congressional Medal of Honor Society

Stories of Sacrifice

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Korean War - U.S. Navy

Francis Colton Hammond

  • Rank: Hospitalman
  • Conflict/Era: Korean War
  • Unit/Command:
    1st Battalion, 5th Marines (Attached),
    1st Marine Division
  • Military Service Branch: U.S. Navy
  • Medal of Honor Action Date: March 26, 1953
  • Medal of Honor Action Place: near Sanae-dong, Korea
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as an HC serving with the 1st Marine Division in action against enemy aggressor forces on the night of 26-27 March 1953. After reaching an intermediate objective during a counterattack against a heavily entrenched and numerically superior hostile force occupying ground on a bitterly contested outpost far in advance of the main line of resistance, HC Hammond's platoon was subjected to a murderous barrage of hostile mortar and artillery fire, followed by a vicious assault by onrushing enemy troops. Resolutely advancing through the veritable curtain of fire to aid his stricken comrades, HC Hammond moved among the stalwart garrison of marines and, although critically wounded himself, valiantly continued to administer aid to the other wounded throughout an exhausting four-hour period. When the unit was ordered to withdraw, he skillfully directed the evacuation of casualties and remained in the fire-swept area to assist the corpsmen of the relieving unit until he was struck by a round of enemy mortar fire and fell, mortally wounded. By his exceptional fortitude, inspiring initiative, and self-sacrificing efforts, HC Hammond undoubtedly saved the lives of many marines. His great personal valor in the face of overwhelming odds enhances and sustains the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
Medal of Honor Recipient Francis C. Hammond
Medal of Honor Recipient Francis C. Hammond
Additional Details
  • Accredited to: Alexandria, Alexandria County, Virginia
  • Awarded Posthumously: Yes
  • Presentation Date & Details: December 29, 1953
    The Pentagon, Presented by Sec. of the Navy Robert B. Anderson to his infant Son
  • Born: November 9, 1931, Alexandria, Alexandria County, VA, United States
  • Died: March 27, 1953, Korea
  • Buried: Arlington National Cemetery (MH) (33-9011), Arlington, VA, United States
  • Location of Medal: Francis C. Hammond Middle School, Alexandria, VA

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