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Congressional Medal of Honor Society

Stories of Sacrifice

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World War II - U.S. Army

Henry Schauer

  • Rank: Private First Class (Highest Rank: Technical Sergeant)
  • Conflict/Era: World War II
  • Unit/Command:
    Battle Patrol, Company F, 2d Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment,
    3d Infantry Division
  • Military Service Branch: U.S. Army
  • Medal of Honor Action Date: May 23 - 24, 1944
  • Medal of Honor Action Place: near Cisterna di Littoria, Italy
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On 23 May 1944, at 12 noon, Pfc. (now T/Sgt.) Schauer left the cover of a ditch to engage four German snipers who opened fire on the patrol from its rear. Standing erect he walked deliberately 30 yards toward the enemy, stopped amid the fire of four rifles centered on him, and with four bursts from his BAR, each at a different range, killed all of the snipers. Catching sight of a fifth sniper waiting for the patrol behind a house chimney, Pfc. Schauer brought him down with another burst. Shortly after, when a heavy enemy artillery concentration and two machine guns temporarily halted the patrol, Pfc. Schauer again left cover to engage the enemy weapons singlehandedly. While shells exploded within 15 yards, showering dirt over him, and strings of grazing German tracer bullets whipped past him at chest level, Pfc. Schauer knelt, killed the two gunners of the machine gun only 60 yards from him with a single burst from his BAR, and crumpled two other enemy soldiers who ran to man the gun. Inserting a fresh magazine in his BAR, Pfc. Schauer shifted his body to fire at the other weapon 500 yards distant and emptied his weapon into the enemy crew, killing all four Germans. Next morning, when shells from a German Mark VI tank and a machine gun only 100 yards distant again forced the patrol to seek cover, Pfc. Schauer crawled toward the enemy machine gun, stood upright only 80 yards from the weapon as its bullets cut the surrounding ground, and four tank shells fired directly at him burst within 20 yards. Raising his BAR to his shoulder, Pfc. Schauer killed the four members of the German machine-gun crew with one burst of fire.
Medal of Honor Recipient Henry Schauer
Medal of Honor Recipient Henry Schauer
Additional Details
  • Accredited to: Scobey, Daniels County, Montana
  • Awarded Posthumously: No
  • Presentation Date & Details: October 18, 1944
    At Remiremont, France, presented by Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch III
  • Born: October 9, 1918, Clinton, Custer County, OK, United States
  • Died: June 16, 1997, Salem, OR, United States
  • Buried: City View Cemetery (MH) (U-65-2-6), Salem, OR, United States

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