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Korean War - U.S. Army

John Essebagger Jr.

Details
  • Rank: Corporal
  • Conflict/Era: Korean War
  • Unit/Command:
    Company A, 1st Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment,
    3d Infantry Division
  • Military Service Branch: U.S. Army
  • Medal of Honor Action Date: April 25, 1951
  • Medal of Honor Action Place: Popsu-dong, Korea
Citation
Cpl. Essebagger, a member of Company A, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. Committed to effect a delaying action to cover the 3d Battalion's withdrawal through Company A, Cpl. Essebagger, a member of one of two squads maintaining defensive positions in key terrain and defending the company's right flank, had participated in repulsing numerous attacks. In a frenzied banzai charge the numerically superior enemy seriously threatened the security of the planned route of withdrawal and the isolation of the small force. Badly shaken, the grossly outnumbered detachment started to fall back and Cpl. Essebagger, realizing the impending danger, voluntarily remained to provide security for the withdrawal. Gallantly maintaining a one-man stand, Cpl. Essebagger raked the menacing hordes with crippling fire and, with the foe closing on the position, left the comparative safety of his shelter and advanced in the face of overwhelming odds, firing his weapon and hurling grenades to disconcert the enemy and afford time for displacement of friendly elements to more tenable positions. Scorning the withering fire and bursting shells, Cpl. Essebagger continued to move forward, inflicting destruction upon the fanatical foe until he was mortally wounded. Cpl. Essebagger's intrepid action and supreme sacrifice exacted a heavy toll in enemy dead and wounded, stemmed the onslaught, and enabled the retiring squads to reach safety. His valorous conduct and devotion to duty reflected lasting glory upon himself and was in keeping with the noblest traditions of the infantry and the U.S. Army.
Additional Details
  • Accredited to: Holland, Ottawa County, Michigan
  • Awarded Posthumously: Yes
  • Presentation Date & Details: March 26, 1952
    The Pentagon, presented by Sec. of the Army Frank C. Pace to his Widow
  • Born: October 29, 1928, Holland, Ottawa County, MI, United States
  • Died: April 25, 1951, Korea
  • Buried: Pilgrim Home Cemetery (A-54-5), Holland, MI, United States
 

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