Congressional Medal of Honor Society

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World War II - U.S. Army

Jose Calugas

Details
  • Rank: Sergeant (Highest Rank: Captain)
  • Conflict/Era: World War II
  • Unit/Command:
    Philippine Scouts, Battery B, 1st Battalion, 88th Field Artillery,
    23d Division
  • Military Service Branch: U.S. Army
  • Medal of Honor Action Date: January 16, 1942
  • Medal of Honor Action Place: Culis, Bataan Province, Luzon, Philippine Islands
Citation

The action for which the award was made took place near Culis, Bataan Province, Philippine Islands, on 16 January 1942. A battery gun position was bombed and shelled by the enemy until one gun was put out of commission and all the cannoneers were killed or wounded. Sgt. Calugas, a mess sergeant of another battery, voluntarily and without orders ran 1,000 yards across the shell-swept area to the gun position. There he organized a volunteer squad which placed the gun back in commission and fired effectively against the enemy, although the position remained under constant and heavy Japanese artillery fire.

Medal of Honor Recipient Jose Calugas
Medal of Honor Recipient Jose Calugas
Additional Details
  • Accredited to: Fort Stotsenburg, Luzon, Philippine Islands
  • Awarded Posthumously: No
  • Presentation Date & Details: April 30, 1945

    Pampanga, Camp Olivas, Philippine Islands, presented by Maj. Gen. Richard Marshall

  • Born: December 29, 1907, Leon, Iloilo, Panay, Philippine Islands
  • Died: January 18, 1998, Tacoma, WA, United States
  • Buried: Mountain View Memorial Park, Tacoma, WA, United States
  • Location of Medal: Fort Sam Houston Museum, San Antonio, TX
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