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Congressional Medal of Honor Society

Stories of Sacrifice

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Spanish-American War - U.S. Army

Theodore Roosevelt

  • Rank: Lieutenant Colonel (Highest Rank: Commander-in-Chief)
  • Conflict/Era: Spanish-American War
  • Unit/Command:
    1st U.S. Volunteer Cavalry Regiment (Rough Riders)
  • Military Service Branch: U.S. Army
  • Medal of Honor Action Date: July 1, 1898
  • Medal of Honor Action Place: San Juan Hill, Cuba

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty, Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Roosevelt distinguished himself by acts of bravery on 1 July 1898, near Santiago de Cuba, Republic of Cuba, while leading a daring charge up San Juan Hill. Lieutenant Colonel Roosevelt, in total disregard for his personal safety, and accompanied by only four or five men, led a desperate and gallant charge up San Juan Hill, encouraging his troops to continue the assault through withering enemy fire over open countryside. Facing the enemy's heavy fire, he displayed extraordinary bravery throughout the charge, and was the first to reach the enemy trenches, where he quickly killed one of the enemy with his pistol, allowing his men to continue the assault. His leadership and valor turned the tide in the battle for San Juan Hill. Lieutenant Colonel Roosevelt's extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.

Medal of Honor Recipient Theodore Roosevelt
Medal of Honor Recipient Theodore Roosevelt
Additional Details
  • Awarded Posthumously: Yes
  • Presentation Date & Details: January 16, 2001

    The White House (Roosevelt Room) - presented by President William J. Clinton to Tweed Roosevelt and family

  • Born: October 27, 1858, New York, NY, United States
  • Died: January 6, 1919, Oyster Bay, NY, United States
  • Buried: Youngs Memorial Cemetery, Cove Neck, NY, United States
  • Location of Medal: White House, Roosevelt Room, Washington, DC

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